Welcome to Jeju Island
Jeju Island, South Korea
The geographical position of Jeju Island is 32°06 '~ 33°00' north latitude, 126°08 '~ 126°58' east longitude, 452 km from Seoul, 310 km from Busan, 989 km from Osaka, Japan, 499 km from Shanghai, and 1730 km from Hong Kong, China. Jeju Island is the largest island in South Korea, also known as Danra Island, honeymoon island, romantic island. Jeju Island is located in the East Sea, the southern tip of the Korean Peninsula, 100 kilometers (60 miles) southwest of Jeolla Province, across the Jeju Strait from the peninsula, more than 90 kilometers north of the south coast of South Korea, the gateway to the Korean Strait, the geographical location is very important. It has an area of 1850.3 square kilometers.
1. Folk culture
In ancient times, Jeju Island had an independent kingdom called Tamna, so it retained its unique customs, dialects and culture. Since ancient times, the island has been known for "three more, three less and three more beautiful".
"Samdo" refers to the abundance of stones, wind and women, so Jeju Island is also called Samdo Island. The entire Jeju island was created by the volcanic eruption, so there are many rocks and caves in Jeju. In addition to the columnar joint belt, Mancha Grotto, and Ssangyong Grotto, you can even feel what is called a "living cave" in Bajae Grotto. The ancient Jeju people started from scratch on this piece of stone land. Nowadays, stone huts scattered in towns and folk villages on the island tell visitors about the difficult life of the ancestors of Jeju. "Wind" is related to Jeju's location in the typhoon zone, just like stone, and also shows the hardship of Jeju's living environment. Whether it is Yongdou Rock on the coast of Jeju City or Seogwipo, you can experience the unique feeling of cliffs and cliffs. On the other hand, there are more women than men in Jeju because of the high number of deaths caused by men fishing at sea. But the main reason is that life is hard, and women have to work with men, so women look more. Near the cow Island and Sunrise peak of Chengshan, the sea women who dive into the choppy sea and risk picking seafood can be said to be representatives of the "island of many women".
"Three nots" means no thieves, no gates, no beggars. Jeju people have lived in this barren land since ancient times, and the tough living conditions have cultivated the virtue of mutual help among neighbors, so no one needs to steal and beg for a living, and naturally there is no need to set up gates to guard against their neighbors. Therefore, when the owner goes out to work, he just puts on a crossbar at the door of the house to show that there is no one at home, in addition, there are no other unnecessary facilities. In Jeju dialect, this bar is called "Jeonglan."
"Samri", also known as "Sambo", refers to Jeju's beautiful nature, folk customs and traditional crafts; It also refers to the three major resources of crops, aquatic products and tourism; It also refers to Jeju's strong human touch, beautiful nature and unique native products. Jeju has long been known for its beautiful natural landscape, especially for the four seasons of Halla Mountain, rhododendrons in spring, waterfalls in summer, maple leaves in autumn, snow in winter, and the beauty of the Chinese tourist area along the Seogwipo coast. However, in the eyes of Jeju people themselves, the most proud is their strong human touch.
2. Local specialty
The most famous Jeju specialty is citrus, which is very attractive with its sweet and sour taste and full flesh. Among them, the high sugar content of Hanna Peak is more famous. Among the aquatic products, the most famous high-grade fish, snapper, is mainly frozen or dried after sale, made into soup or baked fish, and the taste is called a taste. The Centennial grass cactus at Jeju Memorial No. 35, which is sold as powder or honey, is also one of the specialties popular with tourists. Chocolate made with raspberries, citrus, and schisandra from Jeju is delicious and popular.
3. Famous scenery
Chengshan Sunrise peak
Sungsan Sunrise Peak is a huge rock that stands on the eastern tip of Jeju Island. It is one of the 360 sub-volcanoes of Mount Halla and the world's largest crater protruding from the coast. Around the crater are 99 strange rocks, gathered together like a giant crown. Surrounding the Sunrise Peak of Chengshan is a large grassland with idyllic beauty.
Located at the eastern end of Jeju Island, Niu Island is an island within an island, not a closed one. Because it resembles a lying cow with its head stretched out, it is named Cow Island. Niu Island has a circumference of 17 kilometers and is home to about 700 households and more than 1,800 residents who live on fishing and agriculture. Niu Island is the largest island near Jeju Island, and its natural environment is excellent because of its low terrain and rich fish resources. Here, you can see Jeju's unique traditional culture, such as Jeju Haenyeo, stone wall road, and stone tombs, and beautiful natural scenery, which makes you feel like you have come to Jeju Island. The island's highest peak, Nodo peak (132 meters), and Sungsan Sunrise Peak will give you a panoramic view of Jeju Island.
Mancha Cave is a lava cave formed by lava flowing from Mount Halla. It is the world's longest lava cave with a total length of 13.4 kilometers and is designated as a nature reserve. Mancho Cave has a variety of typical lava cave forms, such as a 70-centimeter long lava stalagmite and a lava tube shaped tunnel. Only about 1 km of the cave area is open to visitors. The stone columns and stalactites in the Mancha Grottoes are spectacular, and they develop double and triple in the same direction, showing the topographic characteristics of lava caves.